What Is Bangsamoro Basic Law Summary

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The various parts of the BBL proposed by the Bangsamoro Transitional Commission, which had been tasked with drafting the law, include sections that (but are not limited to) the identity of Bangsamoro, the territory of Bangsamoro, the government of Bangsamoro, the judicial system of Bangsamoro, the fundamental rights of Bangsamoro, the economic, financial and fiscal framework of Bangsamoro, as well as provisions on the transition to proposed autonomy. Bangsamoro region. [8] Indigenous women are actively participating in the ongoing peace negotiations between the GPH-MILF, in particular in the drafting of the new Basic Law. We have sent organizational statements, participated in public hearings and presented our position in consultations on the Basic Law. We presented our proposals for provisions for consideration during the drafting of the Bangsamoro Basic Law. Fifth, senior leaders of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) oppose the Bangsamoro Basic Law bill. The MNLF is one of the two main Muslim-led rebel groups in Mindanao; However, only the MILF is involved in the BBL talks, with the MNLF being marginalized. The chairman of the MNLF`s Islamic Command Council (ICC), Habib Mujahab Hashim, said that “the BBL is the product of a conspiracy” between the Philippine government and the MILF (Moro Islamic Liberation Front). He said he was violating the 1996 Final Peace Agreement and the 1996 Tripoli Agreement, which guaranteed the autonomy of a Muslim Mindanao. The MILF and the MNLF both occupy the same area. So now there is a government conflict and a territorial conflict. House majority leader Rodolfo Fariñas said they had even changed the wording of the law from a “fundamental law” to an “organic law” to comply with the constitution. But peace is not only the absence of war or conflict.

For Indigenous women like me, peace is a matter of kefiyo fédéw (feeling of peace). This can only be achieved in the future Bangsamoro if all our basic needs such as food, shelter, security and recognition are met. We must have the fundamental right to our identity and our territory. This is our inherent birthright. It is not negotiable. Here is a guide to help you understand what the Organic Law of Bangsamoro is and what the Moro aspire to. As an organic law, the Basic Law abolished the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao and provided for the basic structure of government for Bangsamoro, after the agreements were set out in the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro Peace Agreement signed in 2014 between the Government of the Philippines and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. [3] How will the Bangsamoro government cooperate with the national government? President Duterte signed the Bangsamoro Organic Law on 26 July 2018[4], [5][30] after requesting 48 hours during his SONA to review the bill. [31] The adoption of the BBL will set a precedent for federalism as promoted by the government. He added that the MILF, under the leadership of its founder Salamat Hashim, had previously called for full independence. When Hashim died in 2003, the rebel group weakened its demands and instead campaigned for a truly autonomous region.

Republic Law 9054, which strengthened the ARMM, provided a comprehensive definition of the Bangsamoro people. In the ARMM, residents elect their regional governor and lieutenant governor. The regional governor has his own cabinet and advisory board. Legislative power belongs to the regional legislative assembly, whose 24 members are also elected by the people. The Bangsamoro government will have an asymmetrical relationship with the national government, as the BARMM will have more autonomy than other parts of the country. A two-part referendum was held on 21 January (for ARMM zones) and 6 January. February (for Cotabato and the 6 municipalities of Lanao del Norte, including the areas that applied to join the region), creating Bangsamoro and officially abolishing the autonomous region in Muslim Mindanao. The OLBARMM abolishes the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), which was established in 1989 by Republic Act No. 6734 and strengthened in 2001 by Republic Act No. 9054.

Officials used to call the ARMM a failure overshadowed by corruption and mismanagement. Many governments have conducted peace negotiations with rebel groups such as the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), resulting in several versions of the bill, formerly known as the Bangsamor Basic Law. The national government will also provide the 5 billion bangsamoro pesos per year for a period of ten years, which will be used for the rehabilitation of conflict zones. The bill was presented to congressional leaders by President Benigno Aquino III on September 10, 2014. [10] An ad hoc committee tasked with the bill by the House of Representatives passed its version of the bill, House Bill 5811, on May 20, 2015. [11] [12] Fourth, the BBL executive is violating a 2008 Supreme Court decision. This prohibited the presidential office`s attempt to establish a separate political entity in Bangsamoro in Muslim Mindanao. If passed, the bill will violate this earlier Supreme Court decision and exacerbate tensions. Various intergovernmental bodies are also being established to improve relations and resolve problems between the national governments and Bangsamoro. Save my name, email address, and website in this browser to comment next time. The pressure to end the conflict in Mindanao must go beyond the BBL at the next Congress.

The Transitional Justice and Reconciliation Commission (TJRC) recommends “dealing with the past” as part of a joint effort by the national government and the Bangsamoro authorities and institutions. The TJRC, established by the Bangsamoro Framework Agreement, was tasked with studying and recommending measures for reconciliation in Mindanao. Their in-depth 2016 report shows that with or without the BBL, historical injustices in Bangsamoro, including land expropriation, serious human rights violations and impunity, must be addressed to create the conditions for peace in the southern Philippines. On July 12, 2018, a bicameral conference committee approved the application of Sharia law to all Muslims in the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region. [36] [37] [38] Islamic laws do not apply to non-Muslims,[39] but they “may voluntarily submit to the jurisdiction of Sharia courts.” [36] “Satisfied Kami, maganda po `yung in the Senate and House of Representatives. Doon sa regulations ng Bangsamoro Organic Law, more or less, ang gusto (name) mapasama ay napasama sa regulations,” Jaafar said. President Duterte will then appoint 80 members of the Bangsamoro Transitional Authority (BTA), which automatically includes acting officials from the regional government. There must also be representatives of non-Moro indigenous communities, youth, women, settler communities, traditional leaders and other sectors. The MILF is a splinter group of the MNLF.

The establishment of the ARMM is the result of negotiations between the government and the MNLF. .